While we all enjoy beautiful warm weather, unfortunately, unless we’re careful it can be potentially lethal for our dogs. As they’re not able to regulate their body temperature the same way that we do, they easily overheat, leading to heatstroke which can quickly become life threatening.

The signs of heatstroke include:

  • Increased panting
  • Bright red tongue
  • Bright red or pale gums
  • Increased salivation
  • Increased heart rate
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Vomiting and diarrhoea
  • Restlessness

If you notice any signs of heatstroke in your dog, it’s important you contact your vet immediately for advice – acting quickly is crucial to give your dog the best possible chance of recovery.

Altering their walking pattern

One of the best ways to help prevent our dogs overheating is to not walk or exercise them during the day. Perhaps walking first thing in the morning, or in the evening instead when it’s a more suitable temperature. While we don’t want to be walking or giving any strenuous exercise during the day, there are still lots of things we can do to keep them entertained while staying cool.

Giving them frozen treats

Food activities such as Kongs and Lickimats are ideal to pop in the freezer before giving to your dog. This creates something that’s going to keep your dog cool, but is also going to keep them occupied while they work to get the food out.

Alongside your dog’s normal food you can add in some tasty treats such as peanut butter, mashed up banana, or other dog-friendly fruits and vegetables. If you don’t have a Kong or Lickimat you can try using an apple instead – simply core the apple, stuff the hole in the middle with your dog’s food, pop in the freezer and you’re ready to go!

Stuffed apples are great for power chewers too as it’s all edible so there’s no need to worry about anything being destroyed! Always make sure the core and all seeds are removed before giving to your dog. You can also buy doggy ice cream which makes a great long-lasting filling for Kongs and Lickimats.

If, like me, you’re not organised enough to prepare frozen Kongs and Lickimats in advance, making up some doggy ice cubes with water and a tasty treat means you’ve always got something on hand to pop into a Kong or stuffed apple alongside their normal food.

Settle Training

Teaching our dogs to settle is a really useful life skill for them. Dogs normally sleep 12-14 hours per day, and making sure they have the opportunity to get in enough rest can help prevent lots of problem behaviours that occur when our dogs become over tired or unable to switch off.

Choose a place that you’d like your dog to settle – this could be their bed or even a cool mat in the summer. If there is a place your dog normally chooses to lie down then this is a great place to start. Whenever your dog chooses to settle in this place, calmly reward them – we don’t want to use exciting treats and an excited voice as this is likely to cause them to get up. If you have a dog that tends to always be focussed on you or follows you around, then make sure you reward them any time they chose to stay on their bed/mat when you have moved away.

Initially, this might be you only moving a few steps, but gradually building it up over time. You can also use the same area to feed your dog their Kongs, Lickimats and long-lasting chews, as this can really help your dog to realise that chilling out on their bed/mat is a great thing to do.


If you have access to somewhere outside that is cool and shaded then letting your dog sniff to their heart’s content is so beneficial for them. Smell is our dogs’ primary sense and the way they explore the world around them – the part of their brain that processes the information they receive from the olfactory receptors in their noses is much larger than ours, so sniffing really is a mental work out for them creating a tired, happy and contented dog.

Have fun with water

If your dog is a water lover, a dip in a paddling pool is the perfect way to cool down. If water isn’t their thing then providing a damp towel for them to lie on can help to keep them cool. The hose pipe can also be a lot of fun if your dog loves water.

This article was originally published on Cognitive Canine Company’s blog, here.

Amanda Griffiths
Amanda is currently training to become a professional dog trainer, and is passionate about the benefits of enrichment and mental stimulation on dog health and behaviour. She’s the founder of The Cognitive Canine Company, providing enrichment and behavioural support to owners of dogs that require crate rest, restricted exercise or have a long term condition that impacts their mobility. In her spare time, she enjoys trick training and rally obedience with her Shetland Sheepdog, Poppy.

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